Moult: When a pullet stops laying and drops feathers. Occurs around Autumn.
Hen: After the first moult. A hen will lay fewer but bigger eggs. Hens moult annually from Autumn and will stop laying during the moult.
Point-of-lay: When a pullet is ready to start laying. Generally from around 21 weeks of age.
Broody: When a hen stops laying and remains on its eggs to incubate them.
- White Cross: White leghorn/New Hampshire (white egg)
- Black Cross: Australorp/New Hampshire (dark brown egg)
- Red Cross: Rhode Island Red/New Hampshire (light brown egg)
- The white and red crosses are the most popular and are the most prolific layers. The black cross will generally lay the least amount of eggs, however they are a larger egg. The black cross is also the most placid of the three.
- Another bird, of French origin, is the ISA Brown. This is a cross between a Rhode Island Red and Rhode Island White. With production exceeding 300 high quality eggs in the first year and a very good temperament, this cross breed is likely to become exceedingly more common amongst backyards.